Spitsbergen's history

Antarctic Peninsula

区域: 北极

目的地: 斯匹次卑尔根

Spitsbergen History 

Spitsbergen has had a major attractive force on hunters and explorers. Promises of fabled lands and fortune lured many 17th century explorers into these unknown frozen lands and seas. Many perished but some returned home with stories of hardship and despair. Artefacts of these often tragic expeditions can still be seen on the desolate shores.

First contact

Nobody is 100% sure about who should get the credit for being the very first to discover the Svalbard archipelago. If you care to dip into legends then you may believe that the Vikings, who were certainly active in the general area, get the nod for being the start of humanity’s history with Svalbard. Starting in the 1800s Norwegian historians began to insist that Vikings discovered the region as early as 1194. They base this claim on maps and annals that listed a Svalbarði (the basis for the name Svalbard, translates as “Cold Rim”) as being four days sail away from Iceland. The problem is that archaeologists have never found any physical evidence to back up the idea that the Vikings had ever been close enough to see the archipelago, never mind setting foot on one of the islands or establishing any sort of base.

Russian historians believe the Pomors may have been chasing their dinner in Svalbard back in the 1400s. But just like the Vikings, no physical evidence has turned up to back up the claim. What we do know is that the earliest recorded contact with the region goes to the Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz. The name Spitsbergen was given to him.

Willem Barentsz 

Barentz  like so many other explorers, was on his way to find a new sea route to the fabled land of Cathay, the Far East. What he found instead was Bjørnøya (“Bear Island”, the southernmost island), on June 10th, 1596 and the northwest edge of Spitsbergen on the 17th of June, 1596.   The meaning of the name Spitsbergen in the Dutch language is “Jagged Peaks” because of the sharp pointed mountains that Barentsz met in the north-west of Spitsbergen.

Polar expeditions

Spitsbergen has been the starting point of many expeditions to the North Pole. In Virgohamna, on the island of Danskøya the remains can be seen of several expeditions that used this remote bay as their starting point. The most famous of these is by large the balloon expedition of Salomon Andrée, from 1897. Artefacts of his tragic expedition can still be seen here.

相关的巡航

中斯匹次卑尔根, 北極的秋天

NOO28-17. 斯匹次卑尔根中部巡航给旅客提供了欣赏美丽峡湾的机会,更有机会看到在这里生活工作的人们。这次航程也是一个非常精彩的方式,让我们融入野生动物在自然栖息地,这也是北极旅游非常吸引人的地方:北极光。在早上离开Tryghamna,航行至Bell sund峡湾北侧,欣赏那里迷人的地质和惊人的景观。Bell Sund峡湾有两大分支((Van Mijenfjord, Van Keulenfjord)和一个小海湾(Recherchefjord)。它地质学上迷人的,创造了惊人的景观,比如狭窄细长的Akseløya岛,几乎完全阻断了Van Mijenfjord。

巡航日期

13 Oct - 20 Oct, 2017

价格

需求的

北斯批次卑尔根, 北极早春

NOOe-18. 在漫长的冬季结束,春季开始苏醒. 气候仍然像冬天一样(大雪覆盖山脉已经海岸,温度在零下10摄氏度左右). 这是体验冬季景色的好时机, 还可以邂逅北极熊, 海象和海豹.

巡航日期

23 Mar - 30 Mar, 2018

价格

3050 USD

北斯批次卑尔根, 北极早春

NOO10-18. 在漫长的冬季结束,春季开始苏醒. 气候仍然像冬天一样(大雪覆盖山脉已经海岸,温度在零下10摄氏度左右). 这是体验冬季景色的好时机, 还可以邂逅北极熊, 海象和海豹.

巡航日期

15 Apr - 22 Apr, 2018

价格

3050 USD

北斯皮斯卑尔根,北极春天

RVR16-18. 在漫长的冬季结束,春季开始苏醒. 气候仍然像冬天一样(大雪覆盖山脉已经海岸,温度在零下4摄氏度左右). 这是体验冬季景色的好时机, 还可以邂逅北极熊, 海象和海豹.

巡航日期

11 May - 18 May, 2018

价格

3210 USD

北斯皮斯卑尔根,北极春天

RVR17-18. 在漫长的冬季结束,春季开始苏醒. 气候仍然像冬天一样(大雪覆盖山脉已经海岸,温度在零下4摄氏度左右). 这是体验冬季景色的好时机, 还可以邂逅北极熊, 海象和海豹.

巡航日期

18 May - 25 May, 2018

价格

2990 USD